Women and couples in Uganda and elsewhere who wish to space or limit births do not use modern contraception for many reasons, including challenges in managing side effects and persistent myths and misconceptions about how contraceptive methods work. This study focuses on cultural, gender and sexual reproductive human rights issues that deter family planning use. The other related concern is the need to enforce the rights of couples and individuals to determine freely and responsibly the number of children they should have, and when to have them. The study is framed on the understanding that the government is accountable to its citizenry and needs to identify priorities such as mandating and enforcing family planning (FP) under human rights laws. Before that happens, there is a need to understand the existing barriers rooted in the community's cultural arrangements, tradition, gender, religion, and the target group’s understanding of family planning from the human right perspective.
The study plans to: (i)determine the socio-cultural, religious, gender and human rights factors that enhance contraceptive use among current users of family planning, including adolescents; (ii)determine the socio-cultural, religious, gender, and human rights factors that explain non-use of family planning among women in Uganda; and(iii) identify key barriers that can be addressed through behavior change communication campaign efforts as means to enforce right-based FP and ensure an increase in access and utilization of modern family planning among sexually active men and women.
This cross-sectional study will mainly use qualitative methods to collect data from men and women who are users and non-users of FP services, health service providers, religious leaders, political leaders, teachers, cultural leaders, and community-based gender and human rights activists. The study will be conducted in 11 districts spread across all sub-regions of Uganda. The methods of data collection will include key informant interviews, in-depth interviews, focus group discussions, consensus panel discussions, and document reviews. The analysis will be iterative and will start in the field to enable follow-up on emerging issues. The analysis will be both deductive and inductive, with both latent considerations.