Over the past two decades, Uganda has made notable progress in increasing coverage of Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health (RMNCAH) services. Consequently, there has been significant progress toward improving the health of mothers, children, newborns, and adolescents in the country. However, Uganda still ranks among countries with high maternal, newborn and child mortality rates.
Uganda has a population of 41.5 million people and a very high annual growth rate of 3.03% attributed to the high total fertility rate of over six children per woman observed for the last 4 decades against the backdrop of declining mortality rates. Despite recent improvements in Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR), the country still generally has poor RMNCAH indicators. Neonatal Mortality Rate (NMR) has remained stagnant for the last decade though Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) and child mortality trends show significant reductions. Therefore, the RMNCAH conditions in Uganda still represent a critical public health challenge.